Implementation of working protocols to reduce the use of antibiotics in dairy cow farms
Increasing resistance to antibiotics has been confirmed by European health authorities. The use of antibiotics in animal production continues to be in the spotlight as one of the main causes of development and maintenance of such resistance. Among the different actions that can be carried out to reduce the use of antibiotics in animal production, this project will focus on implementing two of those included in the European Union recommendations: prevention of the systematic treatment of dairy cows during the dry period and development of preventive practices (specifically, in post-partum intrauterine pathologies).
The main objective of this project is to implement working protocols in dairy farming that will allow for a reduction in the use of antibiotics on farms. Therefore, two specific objectives are set for the creation of new protocols:
- Drying off of dairy cows: To create a new working protocol based on monitoring of the animals’ medical history, together with a control analysis of the condition of the mammary gland prior to the drying off.
- Treatment of intrauterine infections during the post-partum period: To implement preventive practices prior to labour, in order to reduce the risk of post-partum intrauterine infections. The reduction in use of antibiotics is related to a reduction in the development of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, as a secondary objective, we aim to assess the impact of the new working protocols on the reduction of antibiotic resistance in farms.